The town of Cassino is located at the foot of the mountain from which it took its name. It is a modern city and is an important industrial and commercial center of southern Italy.
Cassino is surrounded by two rivers: Rapido and Gari, whose springs are located in the city center. Cassino has ancient origins, dating back to the Neolithic and was called “Casinum”, during the Roman period it became a Roman colony from 309 BC. and, later, an important military and commercial center during the Republic and the early Empire; and today this city retains the presence of this civilization. You can admire a well-preserved theater, an amphitheater and the villa of Marco Terenzio Varrone. In the Middle Ages, the city owes its fame mainly to the Abbey built by Benedetto da Norcia, on top of the mountain in 529 AD. Casinum was destroyed many times during the barbarian invasions and, long after the founding of the Abbey, was rebuilt much further north and named San Germano. In 1863, it was named Cassino.
The city suffered total destruction during the bombings of World War II. Between September 1943 and May 1944, Allied forces faced strong German resistance positioned on the mountains behind the Abbey of Montecassino. The monastery was completely destroyed on February 2, 1944 due to the mistaken belief that German forces and the Nazi command were hiding there; a month later, on March 15, the city was bombed. The total destruction and the huge number of dead made Cassino deserve the title of “Città Martire per la pace” (Martyr City for Peace) and be honored with a Gold Medal for Military Courage. To celebrate the 60th anniversary of the Battle of Cassino, Historiale, a multimedia museum, designed by Carlo Rambaldi, was created with the intention of honoring the victims of war, of all nationalities.
Today, the city is run by Mr. Mayor Enzo Salera and has a University, a Court and a Fiat Factory.
In December 2020, Mayor Enzo Salera received the UVVG delegation led by Mrs. Rector, prof. Univ. dr. Coralia Adina Cotoraci, on which occasion the mayor underlined the affectionate friendship that unites the two entities: the “Vasile Goldiș” Western University of Arad and the City of Cassino.